Malatya Province is a territory of Turkey. It is a piece of a bigger sloping zone. The capital of the territory is Malatya (in Hittite: Milid or Maldi, signifying "city of nectar"), which has numerous occupants. Malatya is acclaimed for its apricots. The zone of Malatya territory is 12,313 km². Malatya Province has 923,248 tenants. The populace was 853,658 in 2000. The city of Malatya has a populace of 381,081 (2000).
Malatya territory is separated into 14 locale (capital region in striking):
Malatya (Hittite: Milid; Greek: Μαλάτεια, Malateia; Armenian: Մալաթիա, Malatia; Zazaki: Malatya, Latin: Melitene) is the capital city of the Malatya Province in the Eastern Anatolia locale of Turkey.
In old circumstances, it was additionally known by its more seasoned name of Melitene, that goes back to the Roman time frame. It is a Kurdish city since old time, until themogul Turkish intrusion of Anatolia. An even more seasoned name (of the old Hittite city) was Milid. Antiquated Malatya lies a couple of kilometers from the current city in what is presently the town of Arslantepe (Hittite) and close to the depending region focal point of Battalgazi (Byzantine to Ottoman). The town of Battalgazi was the area of the Malatya city until the nineteenth century, when a progressive move to the present third area was begun. Battalgazi's legitimate name was Eskimalatya (Old Malatya) as of not long ago, a name that is still utilized locally.
Malatya is situated in southeastern Turkey, situated at the foot of the Anti-Taurus Mountains. It lies at an elevation of 964 meters over the ocean level and has hot, dry summers and frosty, cold winters. In any case, the developments of a few dams have made the atmosphere milder.
This locale of Malatya is best known for its apricot plantations. Around half of crisp apricot generation and 95% of dried apricot creation in Turkey, the world's driving apricot maker, is given from Malatya and the name of the natural product is synonymous with the city. In the wake of having been gotten from its country Turkestan in Central Asia and Western China, it achieved its most tasty and advanced frame in the fruitful soil of Malatya, fed from the alluvial soil of tributaries of the Euphrates. Generally speaking, around 10-15% of the overall yield of new apricots, and around 65-80% of the overall generation of dried apricots have a place with Malatya. Malatya apricots are regularly sun-dried by family-run plantations taking after conventional techniques, and gathered and dispatched all through the world.
By its relative progress in mechanical development, Malatya is additionally a post of fascination for its encompassing districts, in business and additionally internal movement terms. The city is at a key intersection in Turkey's street and rail arrange. By rail, it likewise fills in as the intersection for Aleppo through Syria – Samsun line. The transport terminal is found 5 kilometers west of the downtown area and there are normal intercity administrations to and from Ankara, Istanbul and Gaziantep. The railroad station lies at a separation of 3 kilometers west of the downtown area and every day express prepares hurried to Elazığ, Diyarbakır, Istanbul and Ankara. Both these stations are effectively come to by taxicabs and dolmuş administrations.
Malatya's airplane terminal, Erhaç Airport, is 26 kilometers west of the downtown area and there are every day flights from Istanbul Ankara and Izmir.
Malatya is likewise the home of Inönü University.
Arslantepe, old Malatya
Arslantepe is a site possessed since the improvement of agribusiness in the fruitful sickle. It was called Maladiya, Milid or Meliddu by the old individuals. From the Bronze Age the site turned into a regulatory focus of a bigger area in the kingdom of Ishuwa. The city was intensely invigorated, presumably because of the Hittite threat from the west. The Hittites vanquished the city in the fourteenth century BC. After the finish of the Hittite realm the city turned into the focal point of a Neo-Hittite kingdom. A castle was constructed and fantastic stone models of lions and the ruler raised.
The experience with the Assyrian lord of Tiglath-Pileser I (1115-1077 BC) brought about the kingdom of Malatya being compelled to pay tribute to Assyria. Malatya kept on succeeding however until the Assyrian lord Sargon II (722-705 BC) sacked the city in 712 BC. In the meantime the Cimmerians and Scythians attacked Anatolia and the city declined.
The city is found 670 km (416 mi) east of Ankara, and the two residential areas outside the city constitute the most imperative locales for going by. Aslantepe, at a separation of 7 km (4 mi), was at one time the capital of a Hittite state and goes back to the principal thousand years BC. It is the city conveying the old Hittite customs and styles, and inside the city dividers a royal residence has been found, with statues and reliefs, which are cases of the imaginative works of that age.
Arslantepe was initially uncovered by the French classicist Louis Delaporte in the 1930s. Since 1961 an Italian group of archeologists, today drove by Marcella Frangipane, are working at the site.
Under Roman control, Melitene was the base camp of Legio XII Fulminata
Part of the Eastern Roman Empire after the split of the Roman Empire, the city was caught by the Rashidun Caliphate in 638 turned into a base for their strikes facilitate into Anatolia, which was sought after additionally by the Abbasids. Byzantine Empire took the city in 856 and it was savagely debated for a century between the Greeks and the Arabs.
In the tenth Century the Emperor Nicephoras Phocas persuaded the Jacobite Patriarch of Antioch to moved a significant number of his adherents into the locale of Melitene. These Syrians set up ministerial offices in Melitene and additionally in many encompassing urban areas.
In the period that took after the Turkish progress into Anatolia after the Battle of Malazgirt (Battle of Manzikert), Gabriel of Melitene, a Greek Orthodox Armenian (see Hayhurum) who had ascended from the positions of the Byzantine armed force, administered the city. From 1086 to 1100 he saved his freedom with the guide of the Beylik of Danishmends and after 1100, he contributed vigorously on the leaders of the First Crusade, particularly Bohemond I of Antioch and Baldwin of Boulogne
Danishmends assumed control Malatya three years after the fact in 1103 (see Battle of Melitene). With the Anatolian Seljuk Sultanate situated in Konya assuming control over the Beylik of Danishmend in late twelfth century, Malatya turned out to be a piece of their domain. The city got to be distinctly Ottoman in 1515.
As indicated by the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia, Malatya city was occupied by 30,000 individuals at the time, with a reasonable Turkish greater part, and an Armenian populace of 3,000, of whom 800 were Catholics.
Meatballs (köfte) have a unique place in the food as do apricots, which are utilized as a part of numerous suppers from kebabs (meat seared or simmered in little pieces) to sweets. There are more than seventy sorts of köfte (meatballs) generally made with wheat and different fixings blended in. "Kagit Kebabi" is a standout amongst the most essential nearby specialities. "Kagit Kebabi" is a dish made of sheep and vegetables seared in a wrapper, which is typically sleek paper.
Malatya Fair and Apricot Festivities has been held since 1978, consistently in July, to advance Malatya and apricots and to gather the makers to meet each other. Amid the celebrations, different games exercises, shows and apricot challenges are composed.
Malatya's football group is Malatyaspor, as of now contending in Turk Telekom Lig A. Malatyaspor's stadium is Malatya Inönü Stadium.
Malatya prides itself for having raised two out of the ten Presidents of Turkey to date. These were;
* Ismet Inönü – second President of Turkey, Prime Minister in ten governments and leader amid the Turkish War of Independence, and,
* Turgut Özal – eighth President of Turkey, Prime Minister between 1983-1989
In that capacity, the greater part of the eight many years of Republican Turkey was driven or unequivocally affected by children of Malatya, as Presidents, Prime Ministers, key priests or resistance pioneers. Other prominent locals of Malatya, in sequential request, are;
* Ahmet Kayhan Dede – Sufi ace
* Bar-Hebraeus – thirteenth century Syriac polymath.
* Battal Gazi – eighth century Muslim warrior and an amazing figure in Turkish people writing.
* Belkıs Akkale – artist
* Bülent Korkmaz – previous football player, at present mentor of Bursaspor
* Çetin Alp – artist and entertainer of Turkey's entrance in the European Song Contest 1983
* Emine Sevgi Özdamar – Turkish-German performing artist and creator
* Hamit Altıntop – football player
* Halil Altıntop – football player
* Ilyas Salman – performing artist
* Kemal Sunal – renowned performer
* Kenan Işık – performing artist
* Mehmet Güven – football player, at present playing for Galatasaray S.K.
* Michael the Syrian – patriarch of the Syrian Orthodox Church from 1166-1199, and best known as the creator of the biggest medieval Chronicle.
* Oktay Kaynarca – performing artist
* Osman Hulusi Ateş Efendi – writer and Sufi ace
* Recai Kutan – government official, pioneer of Felicity Party
* Yonca Evcimik – Turkish pop artist
* Zafer Şakar – football player, right now playing for Galatasaray S.K.
* Zerrin Özer – artist